Famagusta Ecocity Project

Copyright 2014 Jan Wampler, r MIT & University of South Florida Professor

The ecocity project is our vision to turn the whole of Famagusta, not just Varosha, into a beacon for peaceful cooperation and sustainability.

»Official web site of the project

 

 

Any reopening of the 40-year old militarily occupied ghost town of Varosha, a district of historic Famagusta on the Eastern coast of Cyprus, presents a unique opportunity to learn from the mistakes of the past and rebuild for a better future. Yet it comes with significant risks. Without careful planning, it could become just another unsustainable development in an already crowded Mediterranean tourism market, while cementing Famagusta as the second divided city in Cyprus.

 

Because ecocities are all about sustainability. That means not just environmental, which of course we urgently need, but economic sustainability – not just the same old over-borrowing to pour concrete for cheap tourists.

And most of all it means political sustainability.

Why ecocity?

Whatever happens with the Cyprus problem, the region of Famagusta is likely to fall across two administrative boundaries. That can be a source of tension or it can be a source of flourishing cooperation. So political sustainability means using best practices to engage citizens and other stakeholders in planning decisions that will affect their lives. It means bringing people – mayors, planners, citizens, property owners, residents, students – together to talk. It means integrated transport. It means integrated water management.

It means cooperating to promote the whole of the Famagusta region, with all its fantastic cultural and natural heritage – from the wetlands to Salamis, to the old back streets of Varosha and monuments in the walled city – to the whole world.

The Project Core Team

Armando Garma
Visual Artist / Architect
Vasia Markides Filmmaker / Visual Artist
Ceren Boğaç Architect / Environmental Psychologist
Nektarios Christodoulou Urban Planner
Fiona Mullen
 Economist
Christina Elia Architect
Stelios Hadjiloizou
Educator/Political Scientist

Kickstarter campaign

A Kickstarter campaign started to initiate both the project and the documentary. Our campaign raised $33,842 for the production costs of our documentary film, and the launch of the architectural design studio in January. The design studio was paid for with $20,000 in private donations and a small grant of 2,000 Euros from the Fredrich Ebert Stiftung Foundation

Spreading the vision through media

BBC News

 

BBC Magazine article published same week, the 2nd most shared article of the day with over 2 million hits by day 3 of its publication!

 

 

 

After 40 years of silence, we put Famagusta on the global map.

Organizing public panels with bicommunal experts

Meetings with the two mayors of the city from both sides

 

 

 

We brought together 9 panels comprising over 60 Greek and Turkish Cypriot specialists and stakeholders.

These nine panel presentations were open to the public.

Large number of Famagustians from both sides, space filled to capacity, active participation in the dialogue, some met for first time in 40 years.

 

History, Culture & Community Panel

Discussion Moderator: Rena Choplarou

GC-TC-Int’l Expert Panelists

Yiota Afxentiou, Berna Berberoğlu, Banu Çavuşoğlu, Ümit İnatçi, Chara Makriyanni, Rita Severis

 

Peace Building & Conflict Resolution Panel

Discussion Moderator: Beran Djemal 

GC-TC-Int’l Expert Panelists

Loizos Afxentiou, Nicos Anastasiou,  Joseph Bayada,  Warren Haffar, Mustafa Ongun,  Rahme Veziroğlu

 

Economics for Sustainable Job Creation Panel

Discussion Moderator: Hulusi Kilim 

GC-TC Expert Panelists

Berna Berberoğlu,  Sertaç Sonan, Symeon Matsis, Sofronis Clerides, Michalis Michael

 

Business Stakeholders Panel

Discussion Moderator: George Michaelides 

GC-TC Expert Panelists

Andri Epiphaniou, Hasan İnce, George Lordos, Andreas Matsis,   Selcan Timur,  Vargin Varer

 

 

Renewable Energy & Sustainable Agriculture Panel

Discussion Moderator: Dimitris P. Lordos

GC-TC Expert Panelists

Christian Bauer,  İsmail Cemal, Michalis Loizides, Emily Markides, Swen Metzger

 

 

Urban Planning Panel

Discussion Moderator: Ceren Boğaç

GC-TC-Int’l Expert Panelists

Nevter Zafer Cömert,  Ercan Hoşkara, Şebnem Önal Hoşkara,  Michalis Lambrinos, Zoe Antoniadou Lordou, Layik Topcan

 

Civil Engineering Panel

Discussion Moderator: Antonis Toumazis 

GC-TC Expert Panelists

Themos Demetriou, Michael Hadjihambis, Bora Kutruza,  Antonis Toumazis

 

 

Coastal & Environmental Engineering Panel

Discussion Moderator: Kyriaki Demetriou

GC-TC Expert Panelists

Loizos Afxentiou,  Xenia Loizidou,  Michalis Loizides, Antonis Toumazis,  Umut Türker

 

Architecture Panel

Discussion Moderator: Armando Garma-Fernandez

GC-TC Expert Panelists

Emre Akbil, Ceren Boğaç,  Linos Chrysostomou, Phanos Ionides, Andreas Lordos, Panayiota Pyla, Socrates Stratis

Developing initial design ideas

 City walk with an art historian

The well-known art historian Rita Severis gave a free walking tour of Famagusta to the Famagusta Ecocity Project participants.

Led by MIT Professor & Global Expert in Sustainable City Design Jan Wampler

Team 1: Samuel Alamo, Marcela Arango, Ryan Dyer

Team 2: Georgina Karakasilis, Andres Moguel, Christian Stanley, Brian Watts

Team 3: Tatiana Larue, Sally Plunkett, Israel Sanchez

Team 4: Maeghann Coleman, Jay Powell, Susan Stimmel

Team 5: Daniella Covate, Juan Ferreira, Chris Galbraith

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Workshop with students

A design studio organized with the Master of Architecture students University of South Florida together with architecture, planning and engineering students from both sides of Cyprus to develop initial design ideas for an ecocity (some of them meeting fellow Cypriots from the “other side” for the first time).

Participating Turkish And Greek Cypriot Architects, Architect Candidates and Engineering Students:

Stavros Adamou, Student of Civil Engineering

Nilay Birsel, Architect, PhD Candidate

Cemaliye Eken, Architect, PhD Candidate

Elena Kourti, Student of Civil Engineering

Marina Oratiou, Student of Architectural Engineerings

Safiye Özaltiner, Architect, PhD Candidate

Sotiris Pavlides, Student of Civil Engineering

Andriani Souzou, Student of Architectural Engineering

Bedia Tekbiyik, Architect, Phd Candidate

Despo Thoma, Student of Architectural Engineering

Gökhan Varol, Architect, Phd Candidate

Public Presentation of Initial Design Ideas

The student’s design proposals were shared with the public and discussions conducted based on the ideas.

St. Peter & Paul Church

Presentation of Initial Design Ideas to Invited guests

The student’s design proposals were also shared with the invites guests such as EU diplomats, Cypriot politicians, investors etc.

The Goethe Institute

Support

TC Elected Leader Mustafa Akıncı has supported our initiative from day one:

“It is A remarkable private initiative that promotes in A meaningful way the issues of Famagusta and contributes positively to the efforts of the municipality to return the occupied city.”

ROC Government Spokesperson Nicos Christodoulides told that The Government of Cyprus Agrees that An Ecocity is:

“The Best and Most Logical Way Forward for Famagusta’s Revival.”

GC Mayor of Famagusta Alexis Galanos to Famagusta Gazette, January 14, 2017 (Kype) mentioned his support to the project.
“We need to get this team to go in and survey every building and see what is needed. Now. We need to do this now.”

Erato Kozakou Marcoullis, Former Minister of Foreign Affairs, ROC

“What has happened her is an historic event, one that I have not seen in any other place…and event that the whole world needs.”

Jan Wampler, MIT Professor/Architect

“For the sake of Famagusta, and in the spirit of uniting this divided city, I wish you to be a fleet of icebreakers, armed with hopes and dreams.”

H.E. Dr. Karl Müller, Former Austrian Ambassador to Cyprus

“This would be the place where scientists, engineers, architects and many others would go to share and learn. All these people will benefit the island in many ways: historical preservation, development, tourism, job creation, and peace.”

Bernard Amadei, Founder Engineers Without Borders

A pilot project to demonstrate the vision of the Ecocity Project with the Home for Cooperation

The Home for Cooperation is a unique community center located in the heart of Nicosia. It is the embodiment of intercommunal cooperation, contributing to the collective efforts of civil society in their engagement with peacebuilding and intercultural dialogue. Using its resources, it encourages people to cooperate with each other beyond constraints and dividing lines.

The Home for Cooperation essentially aims to act as a bridge-builder between separated communities, memories and visions.

Members of the Ecocity Project team together with the members of the Home for Cooperation who are involved in this partnership include Lefki Lambrou and Lefkia Heracleous, with Jessica Hench facilitating the connectivity between the two.

Greening” the Home for Cooperationwith a targeted donation from ESTIA NGO. Environmental architect Roger Kelly has been helping on how to reduce its carbon footprint and energy costs. This is all subject to permissions from the various authorities, as well as secured funding. But we hope to see some photovoltaic panels and other small-scale infrastructure for better water and energy management.
Design of an “Edible Fruit Forest” or public park in the moat behind the H4C. Imagine people from both sides of the divide coming together to design the space that has been standing idle and in-between them all these years, literally planting seeds together and enjoying the fruits of their labor. This would be like North and South Koreans coming together to co-design and then share part of the demilitarized zone- which needs lots of permissions.
The project is introduced to the public during the preview of the Vasia Markides’s documentary “Waking Famagusta”.

 

 

The Ecocity Project’s Participatory Planning Ideas

As the Eacocity Project team, we are working on combining the latest technologies and best practices to use participatory urban planning as a peacebuilding tool. We know urban issues of common concern tend to create social alliances and transcend ethnic ones. And we have found this through our project. Our team member’s Nektarios Chsitodoulou research on GC and TC participants of the ecocity project recorded decreased levels of prejudice and increased levels of trust after engaging in issues of common concern. We want to build on that. To design a participatory planning process that would allow people from both sides of the divide – with no architectural or planning background – to come together and essentially co-design the city. There is a lot of potential for technology here – things like virtual reality and other immersive technologies – if the funding can be found.

Copy right Nektarios Christodoulou
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